TY - JOUR
T1 - A New Pressure Probe Method to Determine the Average Volumetric Elastic Modulus of Cells in Plant Tissue
JF - Plant Physiology
JO - Plant Physiol.
SP - 995
LP - 1005
DO - 10.1104/pp.107.3.995
VL - 107
IS - 3
AU - Murphy, R.
AU - Ortega, JKE.
Y1 - 1995/03/01
UR - http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/107/3/995.abstract
N2 - A new in vivo method was used to determine an average volumetric elastic modulus ([epsilon]ave) for nongrowing cells in plant tissue. This method requires that both the relative transpiration rate, T, of the tissue and the average turgor pressure decay rate, (dP/dt)ave, of the cells are measured after the water source is removed from the plant tissue. Then [epsilon]ave is calculated from the equation [epsilon]ave = (-dP/dt)ave/T. This method was used to determine [epsilon]ave for cortical cells in stems of pea seedlings (Pisum sativum L.). The results demonstrate that [epsilon]ave increases from virtually zero at low P (approximately 0.01MPa) to approximately 10 MPa at high P (approximately 0.5 MPa). Analyses of the results indicate that the relationship between [epsilon]ave and P can be approximated by a linear function and more accurately approximated by a saturating exponential function: [epsilon]ave = [epsilon][infinity symbol][1 - exp {-k(P - Po)}], where Po is a plateau pressure (approximately 0.01 MPa), k is a rate constant (approximately 7 per MPa), and [epsilon][infinity symbol] (approximately 10 MPa) is the hypothetical maximum value of [epsilon]ave as P -> [infinity symbol]. Solutions for the turgor pressure decay (due to transpiration) as functions of time and symplasmic water mass (after the water source is removed) are derived.
ER -