Table 1. Components of histone modifications that alter the abiotic stress response phenotype in flowering plants

Proteins that act as a substrate for the modification of histone and nonhistone proteins are in bold.

Modification and Regulator TypeRegulator NameSpeciesStress Type
Acetylation AcetyltransferaseGCN5ArabidopsisHeat (Hu et al., 2015) and salinity (Zheng et al., 2019)
PoplarDrought (Li et al., 2019)
AtHAC1ArabidopsisHeat (Chimeric dCas9HAT;Roca Paix√£o et al., 2019)
DeacetylaseHDA6Arabidopsiscold (To et al., 2011; Jung et al., 2013), heat (Popova et al., 2013), drought (Kim et al., 2017), and salinity (Chen and Wu, 2010; Luo et al., 2012)
HDA9ArabidopsisDrought and salinity (Zheng et al., 2016)
HDA15ArabidopsisDrought (Lee and Seo, 2019)
HDA19ArabidopsisDrought (Ueda et al., 2018a), heat (Ueda et al., 2018a), and salinity (Chen and Wu, 2010; Mehdi et al., 2016; Ueda et al., 2017)
HDA705RiceSalinity (Zhao et al., 2016)
BdHD1BrachypodiumDrought (Song et al., 2019)
HD2CArabidopsisCold (Park et al., 2018), heat (Buszewicz et al., 2016), and salinity (Luo et al., 2012)
HD2DArabidopsisCold, drought, and salinity (Han et al., 2016)
RecruiterMYB96ArabidopsisDrought (Lee and Seo, 2019)
IDS1RiceSalinity (Cheng et al., 2018)
HsfB1TomatoHeat (Bharti et al., 2004)
AREB1PoplarDrought (Li et al., 2019)
Subunit in a complexAtSAP18ArabidopsisSalinity (Song and Galbraith, 2006)
HDC1ArabidopsisSalinity (Perrella et al., 2013)
MSI1ArabidopsisSalinity (Mehdi et al., 2016)
Methylation MethyltransferaseATX1ArabidopsisDehydration (Ding et al., 2011)
ATX4/5ArabidopsisDrought (Liu et al., 2018)
CAU1/PRMT5/SKB1ArabidopsisDrought (Fu et al., 2013) and salinity (Zhang et al., 2011)
DemethylaseJMJ15ArabidopsisSalinity (Shen et al., 2014)
JMJ17ArabidopsisDehydration (Huang et al., 2019)
Ubiquitination UbiquitinaseHUB1/2ArabidopsisSalinity (Zhou et al., 2017a)
AtHUB2CottonDrought (Chen et al., 2019)
OsHUB2RiceDrought (Ma et al., 2019)
Phosphorylation KinaseMLK1/2ArabidopsisDrought and salinity (Wang et al., 2015)