Table III.

ERF genes whose biological function has been reported

GroupGenesFunctionsMethodSpeciesaReferencesb
IaWXP1Wax accumulationOverexpressionMt1
IIIcCBF1 to 4/DREB1A to DFreezing, drought, salt toleranceOverexpressionAt2, 3, 4
DDF1Salt tolerance, GA biosynthesis regulationActivation taggingAt5
IIIeTINYGrowth regulationActivation taggingAt6
IVbABI4Abscisic acid response, sugar signalingKnockout mutantAt7, 8, 9
VaWIN1/SHNsWax accumulationOverexpressionAt10, 11
VIPti6Disease resistanceOverexpressionLe12, 13
Tsi1Salt tolerance, disease resistanceOverexpressionNt14
CaERFLP1Salt tolerance, disease resistanceOverexpressionCa15
VIIJERF3Salt toleranceOverexpressionLe16
CaPF1Freezing tolerance, disease resistanceOverexpressionCa17
VIIIaAtERF4Ethylene, jasmonic acid, and abscisic acid responseOverexpression, knockout mutantAt18, 19
AtERF7Abscisic acid responseOverexpression, RNAiAt20
VIIIbESR1/DRNOrgan identityActivation taggingAt21, 22
BD1Floral meristem identityKnockout mutantZm23
FZPFloral meristem identityKnockout mutantOs24
LEPLeaf petiole developmentActivation taggingAt25
IXcERF1Disease resistanceOverexpressionAt26, 27
Pti5Disease resistanceOverexpressionLe13, 28
NtERF5Disease resistanceOverexpressionNt29
TERF1Salt toleranceOverexpressionLe30
IXaORCA3Indole alkaloid biosynthesisActivation taggingCr31
OPBP1Salt tolerance, disease resistanceOverexpressionNt32
Pti4Disease resistanceOverexpressionLe12, 13
XaABR1Abscisic acid responseKnockout mutantAt33
  • a Prefixes At, Ca, Cr, Le, Mt, Nt, Os, and Zm are Arabidopsis thaliana, Capsicum annuum, Catharanthus roseus, Lycopersicon esculentum, Medicago truncatula, Nicotiana tabacum, Oryza sativa, and Zea mays, respectively.

  • b 1, Zhang et al. (2005); 2, Liu et al. (1998); 3, Gilmour et al. (2000); 4, Haake et al. (2002); 5, Magome et al. (2004); 6, Wilson et al. (1996); 7, Finkelstein et al. (1998); 8, Arenas-Huertero et al. (2000); 9, Huijser et al. (2000); 10, Aharoni et al. (2004); 11, Broun et al. (2004); 12, Zhou et al. (1997); 13, Gu et al. (2002); 14, Park et al. (2001); 15, Lee et al. (2004); 16, Wang et al. (2004); 17, Yi et al. (2004); 18, Yang et al. (2005); 19, McGrath et al. (2005); 20, Song et al. (2005); 21, Banno et al. (2001); 22, Kirch et al. (2003); 23, Chuck et al. (2002); 24, Komatsu et al. (2003); 25, van der Graaff et al. (2000); 26, Solano et al. (1998); 27, Berrocal-Lobo et al. (2002); 28, He et al. (2001); 29, Fischer and Droge-Laser (2004); 30, Huang et al. (2004); 31, van der Fits and Memelink (2000); 32, Guo et al. (2004); 33, Pandey et al. (2005).