Table II.

Suitability of 2-oxo acids as substrates for MAM3-mediated condensation with acetyl-CoA

2-Oxo Acid SubstrateStructureResulting GlucosinolateSuitabilitya
4-Methylthio-2-oxobutanoateEmbedded ImageC3+
2-Oxo-hexanoateEmbedded ImageC3+
5-Methylthio-2-oxopentanoateEmbedded ImageC4+
2-Oxo-heptanoateEmbedded ImageC4+
6-Methylthio-2-oxohexanoateEmbedded ImageC5+
2-Oxo-octanoateEmbedded ImageC5+
2-Oxo-nonanoateEmbedded ImageC6+
8-Methylthio-2-oxooctanoateEmbedded ImageC7+
2-Oxo-decanoateEmbedded ImageC7+
9-Methylthio-2-oxononanoateEmbedded ImageC8+
2-Oxo-undecanoateEmbedded ImageC8+
2-Oxo-dodecanoateEmbedded ImageC9
  • a +, Condensation product formed; −, condensation product not formed.